Tea from Anhui Province
- Category: Tea Growing Areas of China
- Published: Wednesday, 12 July 2006 00:00
- Hits: 8215
Anhui province is in the eastern part of China. It has been producing tea for hundreds if not thousands of years and has been exporting tea since at least the 7th century.
Anhui province is in the eastern part of China. It is one of the smallest of China’s 21 provinces and ranges in terrain from the flatlands of the north to the mountains of the south. The northern flatlands are densely populated, but the southern section is mountainous and is home to the Huang Shan mountain range where most of the tea growing regions are located.
Many types of tea are produced in Anhui province, and it is famous for its variety of green tea as well as Keemun tea - a black tea produced in the southern-most county of Qimen.
The Anhui region has been producing tea for hundreds if not thousands of years. By the 7th century AD Anhui was exporting tea to the rest of China as well as to other countries, and in the late 19th century began exporting Keemun tea to England as a basis of many famous blends.
Keemun tea was developed in 1875 by a tea grower who traveled to China’s Fujian province to learn about black tea. Prior to that, the only teas produced in Anhui were green teas.
The growing conditions of Qimen county were ideal for black tea. It has an average altitude of 400 meters and has a temperate climate with plenty of rainfall. The tea growing areas are often enshrouded in clouds and the dense forest of the region serve to retain the high humidity.
Besides Keemun black tea, Anhui province is famous for its green tea. The province ranks number 5 in green tea production of all the provinces in China.
Some of the famous green teas from Anhui include Hou Kui tea produced in Taiping county at the foot of Huang Shan. Another famous green tea from the area is called Mao Feng (Fur Peak) because of the downy hairs that cover the tips of the tea leaves.
Besides the Huang Shan mountain range of southern Anhui province, tea is also grown in the central region north of the Yangtze River. This area includes Huoshan, Liuan, and Jingzhai and produces tea such as Huangya (a yellow tea) and Gua Pian (a green tea).