Argentina is famous for its production of maté tea, but it is also a major producer of "true" tea. Tea was first introduced to Argentina in 1920 with seeds brought from Russia. The quality of this tea was not good, so tea production remained a minor activity up until 1951 when the Argentine government banned imported tea.

This increased the demand for local tea. In 1952 new plantations of better quality tea were established in Misiones province in the north-east section of Argentina.

As the demand for local tea increased, more farmers began to plant it, so that by the end of the decade Argentina was able to export tea to Chile.

The market for Argentinean tea continued to expand and the country currently exports about 50 million kilograms of tea each year. The largest consumer of Argentinean tea is the United States, but there are also buyers in the UK and other parts of Europe.

Argentinean tea is primarily used for blending, and most of it winds up in iced tea beverages sold in the United States. The majority of tea is grown in the highlands of Misiones and Corrientes provinces of north eastern Argentina. The major plantations are on relatively flat land and tend to be large and highly mechanized.

The climate in the tea growing regions of Argentina is hot and humid, and the growing season is from November to May.