Fujian province (also spelled Fukien) is located on the southeast coast of China on the Taiwan Straight. It has a subtropical climate and mountainous terrain - conditions which are ideal for growing tea.
According to historical documents, tea has been produced in the Fujian area for more than 1600 years. Fujian province produces 5 different types of tea - oolong tea, black tea, green tea, white tea, and scented tea. The production techniques for all of these teas (except green tea) originated in Fujian province.
Although these teas are now produced in other parts of China, Fujian black tea (Lapsang Souchong) is a Fujian province specialty from the Wuyi mountain region. Lapsang Souchong has a very distinctive taste and is in great demand. Because of the popularity of this tea there are many teas which are labeled Lapsang Souchong but which do not originate from the Wuyi mountains.
Oolong tea originates from Fujian province, but is now produced in other parts of the world. Today, some of the best oolong comes from Taiwan, just across the straight from Fujian province. Many Taiwanese people can trace their family roots back to Fujian, so it is natural that the tea producing culture migrated from the mainland to Taiwan.
Along with oolong tea itself, a popular method for brewing the tea also originates in Fujian province. The Fujian tea ceremony (also known as the Gong Fu method of brewing tea) is ideally suited to oolong tea. A small tea pot and small cups are used to infuse the tea leaves multiple times. The tea pot is packed full of leaves, and the brewing time is short.
Fujian province is the home of 336 varieties of tea plant - the largest number in all of China. This treasure trove of tea varieties is an important resource in the world of tea because the possibilities for producing new hybrids are almost limitless.
Fujian province produces a number of famous teas including Tieguanyin oolong tea, Huang Guan Yin, and Silver Tip Pekoe. The fine quality of Fujian teas has been recognized and rewarded by repeated prizes at Chinese tea competitions.